High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for
auroras on Halloween. A CME is expected to hit Earth's magnetic field on Oct.
31st, possibly sparking polar geomagnetic storms. In northern Norway, the show
got started early with this display on Oct. 30th:
witnessed a very powerful outburst of auroras with bright colours," says
photographer Bjørn Jørgensen of Tromsø. And that was before the CME arrived...
As Oct. 31st
begins, indicators still suggest a CME is approaching Earth. NOAA forecasters
expect a G1-class
geomagnetic storm when it arrives. Watch for the shock here.
In the Udden-Wentworth
scale (due to Krumbein), silt particles range between 0.0039 to 0.0625 mm, larger
than clay but smaller than sand particles.
ISO 14688 grades silts between 0.002 mm and 0.063 mm. In actuality,
silt is chemically distinct from clay, and unlike clay, grains of silt are approximately the same size in all
dimensions; furthermore, their size ranges overlap. Clays are formed from thin
plate-shaped particles held together by electrostatic forces, so present a
cohesion. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Texture Classification system, the
sand-silt distinction is made at the 0.05 mm particle size. The USDA system has been adopted by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). In the Unified Soil Classification System (USCS) and the AASHTO Soil Classification
system, the sand-silt distinction is made at the 0.075 mm particle size
(i.e., material passing the #200 sieve). Silts and clays are
distinguished mechanically by their plasticity.
Silt is easily
transported in water or other liquid and is fine enough to be carried long distances
by air in the form of dust. Thick deposits of silty material resulting
from aeolian deposition are often called loess. Silt and clay
contribute to turbidity in water. Silt is transported by streams or by water currents in
the ocean. When silt appears as a pollutant in water the phenomenon is
known as siltation.
In south east
Bangladesh, in the Noakhali district, cross dams were built in the 1960s whereby
silt gradually started forming new land called "chars". The district
of Noakhali has gained more than 28 square miles (73 km2) of
land in the past 50 years.
With Dutch funding, the
Bangladeshi government began to help develop older chars in the late 1970s, and
the effort has since become a multi-agency operation building roads, culverts, embankments, cyclone shelters, toilets and ponds, as well as
distributing land to settlers. By fall 2010, the program will have allotted
some 27,000 acres (100 km2) to 21,000 families.
It was sad to hear of the passing of ace fighter pilot Robbie Risner. For more than seven years, it was Risner who was both the senior ranking officer and the spiritual leader of the Americans imprisoned at the Hanoi Hilton. Due in large part to Risner's leadership, the will of the American POW contingent was never broken.
Chief Lone Wolf
owned a farm in the Doyle community
By Old Uncle Gib Chronicle correspondent The Crossville
through issues of the Chronicle, an article about the death of a Native
American in our local hospital caught my eye. The January 1, 1952, Chronicle
front page article reported, “Chief Lone Wolf Died in Hospital Here on Dec. 31,
1951. “Ernest Grant, 54 year old Sioux Indian of the Doyle community, known as
'Chief Lone Wolf' died Monday in the Cumberland Medical Center after about a
week's illness.” He was buried in the Mount Pisgah Cemetery in White County,
Tennessee. In research done by Dr. Opless Walker of Putnam County years later,
he reported that the “Chief Lone Wolf” (Ernest Grant) family had moved to White
County in the mid-1940s. His report says that they were a Cherokee family from
North Carolina. Other research done by Dr. Walker lists the 1980, and 1990,
figures for Native Americans living in the Upper Cumberland area. Cumberland
County was reported to have 22 persons of Native American descent in 1980, and
137 in the 1990 Census, the largest number of any other county in our area.
White County was listed as having 9 persons in 1980, and 16 in 1990. It is
certainly possible that there are people who are unaware of their Native
American lineage, as this is very difficult to trace. During the “Great
Removal,” the Indian Removal Act of 1830, when Native Americans were forced to
leave their homes and property and move to the West, many changed or
“Americanized” their names to avoid the removal. Known as the “Trail of Tears,”
a section of the removal, called the Northern Route, passed through Grassy Cove
and other areas of our county. Mr. Grant was reported to have been born on the
Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota, August 16, 1889, son of Jim Fletcher Grant
and Patsy Young Grant. He moved to White County, Tennessee, about nine years
ago (1943) from the Cherokee reservation in North Carolina, and owned a farm
near Doyle. There is no notation as to why they would have gone to the Cherokee
reservation, nor how they came to buy a farm in the Doyle community. The
Rosebud Reservation is a Sioux reservation established in 1889 by the US
partition of the Great Sioux Reservation created in 1868 by the Treaty of Fort
Laramie. Chief Lone Wolf was said to have staged small shows of an Indian war
dance for school children and community gatherings while living in White
County. He was survived by his widow, Rebecca Catolster Grant; five sons,
Raymond, General, Chiltoski, Harley and Johnny Grant; two daughters, Ernestine
and Antonette all of the Doyle community. He was also survived by eight
brothers and three sisters. It is quite possible that descendants of Chief Lone
Wolf, Ernest Grant, may still live in our area.
See more at:
A Burmese businessman and politician
has announced that he will pay $10 million for an expedition to recover the
Dhammazedi Bell – a legendary bell that has been missing for more than 400
years, thought to be at the bottom of the Yangon (Rangoon) River.
Khin Shwe, the owner of one of
Burma’s largest construction and real estate firms – as well as a member of the
Upper House of parliament – follows a long line of “treasure hunters” who have
failed to locate the 270-ton bell, said to be the largest in the world. It is
steeped in both legend and documented history.
“Originally cast in 1484 by King
Dhammazedi, a Mon ruler who capital was located in the city of Bago, the bell
was given to the monks at Rangoon’s Shwedagon [Pagoda],” said The Independent. “In 1608, a
Portuguese mercenary who controlled an area on the southern banks of the
Rangoon River, seized the bell and tried to carry it back to his base. While
transporting it across the river, the bell slipped into the water, sinking a
barge and a Portuguese warship.”
Both Burmese and international
recovery teams have attempted to find the prized artifact, which some locals
believe is protected by a curse. Several divers have lost their lives while
attempting to navigate the murky wreckage in search of the bell, which is
allegedly cast from gold, silver, copper, and tin.
Shwe intends to return the
Dhammazedi Bell to Shwedagon Pagoda if found.
Meanwhile, in Indonesia, security
forces are cracking down on “monkey business” in the nation’s capital.
Following an order from Governor Joko Widodo, police have begun conducting raids
to rescue monkeys that are used in street performances. The macaques will be
bought from their owners for $90 each and sent to a 2.5-acre wildlife preserve
at Jakarta’s Ragunan Zoo.
“Animal rights groups have long
campaigned for a ban on the shows, which often involve monkeys wearing plastic
baby doll heads on their faces,” reported The Associated Press. “They say
the monkeys are hung from chains for long periods to train them to walk on
their hind legs like humans. Their teeth are pulled so they can't bite, and
they are tortured to remain obedient. The monkeys are often outfitted in
dresses and cowboy hats and forced to carry parasols or ride tiny bikes.”
The handlers and owners of the
confiscated primates – who earn about $3 a day per animal – will also be given
vocational training in order to help them find new jobs. At least 22 monkeys
have been rescued since last week.
Over in Malaysia, authorities have
banned a performance by American pop singer Ke$ha, claiming that her lyrical
references to sex and alcohol would disrupt “religious sensitivities and
cultural values.” The concert, which had been planned for last Saturday, was
canceled less than a day before it was set to open – even after the event
organizer, Livescape, agreed to modify the show. The cancellation will cost
“Muslims make up 60 percent of
multi-ethnic Malaysia's 28 million people, while Christians account for about
nine percent,” wrote Channel NewsAsia. “Conservatives
occasionally cry foul over concerts by Western artists, whom they accuse of
promoting promiscuity, corrupting young people, or offending religious
Beyonce, Erykah Badu, and Lamb of
God are some of the other foreign artists that have been banned in the past by
The original link can be found at:http://thediplomat.com/asean-beat/2013/10/29/burmas-treasure-hunt-10m-expedition-to-recover-worlds-largest-bell/
What does it take to warn Americans about unchecked pension
growth, socialized medicine, vast increases in entitlements, higher taxes, and
steady expansion of government? In other words, what is it about Detroit, Italy, or Greece that we
do not understand?
In the last five years, the Obama administration has raised taxes
on the top income rates, implemented Obamacare, added millions to the
disability and food stamp roles, grown the size of the federal work force, run
up the national debt, and vastly expanded the money supply, along with insuring
near zero interest rates. Are there any historical examples where these
redistributive efforts have brought long-term tranquility and prosperity?
To put it another way, does anyone ask basic questions about human
nature anymore? If one gives more incentives to obtain government support while
unemployed, why would not fewer people be working? If the food stamp,
unemployment, and disability rolls are markedly up, and if it is almost
impossible to verify that recipients are also not working for unreported cash
wages (we hear mostly of government efforts to add more to these programs,
rather than to audit those already on them), why would one seek a “regular” job
that would lose such subsidies and make all one’s income reportable? (We know
two basic truths about the IRS in the age of Obama: first, it goes after
political opponents in partisan fashion, and second, it gives away billions of
dollars in federal income tax rebate credits to those who did not deserve
If you allow illegal immigrants to enjoy full government
subsidies, driver’s licenses, in-state tuition discounts, sanctuary cities,
participation on juries, and all without fear of deportation, then why (a)
would people not flock here illegally from Mexico, and (b) why after arriving
would they go through the hassle of seeking citizenship when residency provides
almost all the same benefits?
If Obamacare is structured to ensure health insurance in extremis
without paying a premium upfront, why would anyone buy it — as opposed to
simply purchasing it only after an illness or operation, and paying a small
fine? (Do life insurance companies allow us to purchase $1 million policies
after open heart surgery, and if not, why not?) And if young people often
choose to play the very good odds that they won’t get sick, or at least not
terribly sick, and therefore do not need health insurance until after their
ordeal, how could a plan be predicated on luring millions of young people (a
poorer cohort than either the middle-aged or elderly) to buy something they
would not often need in order to pay for others who would pay less for
something they would constantly need?
The problem with socialism (cf. Detroit to Athens) is not just
that it destroys individual initiative and creates a dispirited and montonous
sameness to everything, but that its
architects usually find exemption from the ramifications of
their own ideology and thereby are more emboldened to implement it.
Unions, pet businesses, and D.C. insiders will all receive waivers
or subsidies to excuse them from the full wrath of Obamacare — and, therefore,
they foist it on others. The Wall Street Journal’s credo of
“comprehensive immigration reform” is predicated on the assumption that none of
the opinion writers live either along the border or in areas that have
experienced huge influxes of illegal immigrants (e.g., their children are not
in the public schools of a Tulare or central Los Angeles. They do not try to
ranch in southern Arizona; they do not drive in rural Tulare County. And they
are not lower middle-class residents of California trying to pay steep taxes
for very little in return).
How did it happen that the United States chose to follow the path
of socialism at precisely the time that it was imploding the world over?
Do Scandals Exist?
Is there still a notion of scandal? If EPA director Lisa
Jackson’s fake email con and the Pigford payouts were small beer, what
were the scandals about Benghazi, the IRS, the AP, and the NSA?
Does anyone care that every presidential pronouncement about the
Affordable Care Act was false? We have reached a new point where either the
media is an appendage of government, or the public is too weary to care about
the conduct of its government — to the degree that this administration could do
pretty much anything.
If running up $6 trillion in debt and disrupting one-sixth of the
U.S. economy with Obamacare are passé, what would not be? Tapping a German
chancellor’s phone? Turning the entire Persian Gulf into an anti-American
enclave? Reducing the president’s word abroad into the stuff of jest?
Arbitrarily deciding not to enforce “settled law”?
Zero Interest and Debt
Can anyone recall in our recent memories a period in which the
Federal Reserve essentially ended real interest rates (almost non-existent
interest that does not match the rate of low inflation)? We understand the
logic behind quantitative easing, given that only with about 2% interest on
federal obligations can the government service the huge $17 trillion debt (our
service costs on the debt are actually less than during the 1990s in
inflation-adjusted dollars when the debt was a third of the present amount). Is
the theory that the deserving poor who are debtors should pay their undeserving
rich creditors very little?
But how does that work out in fact? Debtors are paying high
interest, from 7-8% on many student loans to 15-20% on credit cards —
especially those who cannot take advantage of cheaper mortgage loans. Yet why
save, when passbook accounts pay about 1% or less? Are you to turn to the stock
market with your $1,000 and risk another 2008? Or dabble in real estate and
ditto the same?
Would it be better to have worked 30 years at the DMV and be
receiving a California state pension, or to have owned a small business and
scrimped to have put away $3 million in savings? In terms of monthly income,
perhaps the state pension is preferable.
In our “sue anyone” America, we are told that companies are
responsible, even indirectly, for the unintended but pernicious effects of
their products. We not only sue tobacco companies for the bad lungs of the
smoker, who on his own free will plays poker with cancer, but also the fast
food outlet whose coffee when spilled burns inattentive buyers. By that
litigious standard, why are there no suits against Apple for its iPhone — an
insidious device far more addictive than opiates, an impairment to driving far
more deleterious than two martinis, and at a monthly cost as disruptive to
household finances as habitual visits to the casino?
In the last week, on five occasions I have dodged two swerving
semi-trucks on State #99, a motorist who made a rolling stop into a pedestrian
walkway and almost hit my bicycle, and two drivers going no more than 40 mph in
the fast left freeway lane. The common denominator? They were all texting on
their phones. According to liberal legal minds, isn’t Silicon Valley guilty of
hawking one of the most dangerous consumer items of the last fifty years?
How did Barack Obama become the most
anti-civil liberties president in history — to almost complete
silence? Well aside from the fact that Obama embraced, or more often expanded,
all the Bush-Cheney anti-terrorism protocols (e.g., preventative detention,
Guantanamo, renditions, the Patriot Act, etc.), he has droned ten times more
suspects than did Bush.
Do we remember Obama’s own reference to Bush’s occasional use of
bombing and predators in Afghanistan, when he called for more ground troops so
that the U.S. had “enough troops that we’re not just air raiding villages and
killing civilians which is causing enormous problems there”?
When was the last time a president got caught tapping the private
phones of French elites, a German chancellor, or a Brazilian head of state?
When has an Associated Press reporter found his communications monitored? Has
any president since Richard Nixon been accused of politicizing the IRS to go
after supposedly partisan enemies? What might have been the media response had
George Bush monitored the communications of our key allies? Never in recent
U.S. history has a president so impaired the concept of civil liberties — and
to the complete silence of the media that proclaims itself the very champion of
the First Amendment.
In sum, we have become so inured to recent distortions in reality,
that we assume aberration is the new normal — or we are too busy texting to
Most of the sky’s events are as predictable
as night and day. But when Comet ISON swings around the sun in late
November, amateurs and professionals alike will be watching in anticipation.
Estimates of its peak brightness vary by a factor of a million!
At the low end, Comet ISON could be
difficult to spot from light-polluted locations. If it hits the high end of the
range, though, the comet could be visible in broad daylight for a few hours
around 1:40 p.m. EST Nov. 28, looking like a fuzzy dot or dagger.
Warning: It will be relatively close to
the sun, so look for it from a location where the sun itself is blocked, and
never point binoculars or a telescope near the sun without a professional-grade
The night spectacle is much simpler,
although dark skies and an unobstructed horizon are essential. Try to spot the
comet low in the southeast around 5 a.m. local time on Nov. 17 or 18, when it
passes near the bright star Spica.
After that, the comet will be too close
to the sun to be visible, but it reemerges around Dec. 5. See for yourself what
it is doing. Did it survive its closest approach to the sun intact?
If so, it should now
have a distinct tail. By Dec. 10 that tail could stretch a quarter of the way
across the sky. Then Comet ISON will begin to fade: Watch as it retreats from
the sun, back into the void from where it came.
The entire post can also be found